The Paediatric Intensive Care Society (PICS) is a multi-professional group with members who work within or in association with Paediatric Intensive Care in the United Kingdom. The Standards documents have reflected the belief that critically ill children and their families have specific medical, nursing, technical and emotional needs that are best provided by Paediatric Intensive Care specialists, comprising of medical, nursing and allied professions, such as physiotherapists, dieticians, pharmacists and psychologists. These individuals should deliver care within Paediatric Intensive Care Units that conform to agreed guidelines and standards.
The Standards cover the pathway for a critically ill or critically injured child from arrival at a Minor Injuries Unit, Walk-in Centre or Emergency Department. They include care within General Hospitals, the Specialist Paediatric Transport Service and Paediatric Intensive Care Units. Crucially, they recognise that General Hospital services must be prepared to transfer a child to a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit when, because of the urgency of the situation, waiting for the Specialist Paediatric Transport Service to arrive would introduce potentially dangerous delay. Such transfers must be carried out by appropriately trained and equipped staff.
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